Computational Modeling of Neural Activities for Statistical Inference

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Springer, May 12, 2016 - Mathematics - 127 pages

This authored monograph supplies empirical evidence for the Bayesian brain hypothesis by modeling event-related potentials (ERP) of the human electroencephalogram (EEG) during successive trials in cognitive tasks. The employed observer models are useful to compute probability distributions over observable events and hidden states, depending on which are present in the respective tasks. Bayesian model selection is then used to choose the model which best explains the ERP amplitude fluctuations. Thus, this book constitutes a decisive step towards a better understanding of the neural coding and computing of probabilities following Bayesian rules. The target audience primarily comprises research experts in the field of computational neurosciences, but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students who want to specialize in this field.


 

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Contents

1 Basic Principles of ERP Research Surprise and Probability Estimation
1
2 Introduction to Model Estimation and Selection Methods
15
3 A New Theory of TrialbyTrial P300 Amplitude Fluctuations
41
4 Bayesian Inference and the UrnBall Task
70
5 Summary and Outlook
111
Appendix
115
Bibliography
118
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