The Statistical Physics of Fixation and Equilibration in Individual-Based Models

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Springer, Jul 29, 2016 - Science - 164 pages
This thesis explores several interdisciplinary topics at the border of theoretical physics and biology, presenting results that demonstrate the power of methods from statistical physics when applied to neighbouring disciplines. From birth-death processes in switching environments to discussions on the meaning of quasi-potential landscapes in high-dimensional spaces, this thesis is a shining example of the efficacy of interdisciplinary research. The fields advanced in this work include game theory, the dynamics of cancer, and invasion of mutants in resident populations, as well as general contributions to the theory of stochastic processes. The background material provides an intuitive introduction to the theory and applications of stochastic population dynamics, and the use of techniques from statistical physics in their analysis. The thesis then builds on these foundations to address problems motivated by biological phenomena.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Technical Background
11
3 Finite Populations in Switching Environments
39
4 Fixation Time Distributions in BirthDeath Processes
63
5 Metastable States in a Model of Cancer Initiation
91
A UserGuide
127
7 Conclusions
159
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About the author (2016)

Peter Ashcroft graduated as a Master of Mathematics and Physics from the Univerisity of Manchester in 2012. He then studied for his PhD in Theoretical Physics in Manchester under the supervision of Dr Tobias Galla. This was completed in 2015. Peter is now a postdoc in theoretical biology at ETH Zürich where, amongst other projects, he is investigating the dynamics of blood formation and disease.

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