Silicon Light-Emitting Diodes and Lasers: Photon Breeding Devices using Dressed Photons
This book focuses on a novel phenomenon named photon breeding. It is applied to realizing light-emitting diodes and lasers made of indirect-transition-type silicon bulk crystals in which the light-emission principle is based on dressed photons. After presenting physical pictures of dressed photons and dressed-photon phonons, the principle of light emission by using dressed-photon phonons is reviewed. A novel phenomenon named photon breeding is also reviewed. Next, the fabrication and operation of light emitting diodes and lasers are described The role of coherent phonons in these devices is discussed. Finally, light-emitting diodes using other relevant crystals are described and other relevant devices are also reviewed.
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2 Visible Light Emitting Diodes Using Silicon Crystal
3 Infrared Light Emitting Diodes Using Silicon Crystal
4 Contribution and Control of Coherent Phonons
5 Infrared Lasers Using Silicon Crystal
6 Light Emitting Diodes Using Silicon Carbide Crystal
7 Light Emitting Diodes Fabricated Using Other Crystals
8 Other Devices
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absorption atom pairs closed circles coherent phonons conduction band corresponds Cr/Al current density curve CW light de-excitation decreases described dopant doped downward arrows DPP-assisted annealing DPPs Dressed Photons efficiency electric electron electron–hole pair emission process emitted light intensity Ethermal exciton-polariton fabricated film forward current frequency increase indirect transition-type semiconductor interaction ion implantation Joule-heat Kawazoe lattice layer Lett light emission spectra light irradiated LO-mode phonons measured modes nanomaterials nanometric Nanophotonics number of phonons Ohtsu operator optical amplification optical phonons optical power oscillation output optical power p-type p–n homojunction p,exp photon energy photosensitivity Phys probe apex pulsed light quantum quasi-particle real photon recombination relaxation represent respectively result ridge waveguide Sect shows Si-LED Si-PD SiC-LED sidebands spatial distribution spectral peak spectral profiles spectrum spontaneous emission stimulated emission substrate subsystem surface temperature temporal threshold current density transition two-step valence band waveguide wavelength