Biophysics of Skin and Its Treatments: Structural, Nanotribological, and Nanomechanical Studies

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Springer, Sep 28, 2016 - Science - 165 pages

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the structural, nanotribological and nanomechanical properties of skin with and without cream treatment as a function of operating environment. The biophysics of skin as the outer layer covering human or animal body is discussed as a complex biological structure. Skin cream is used to improve skin health and create a smooth, soft, and flexible surface with moist perception by altering the surface roughness, friction, adhesion, elastic modulus, and surface charge of the skin surface.

 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Skin and Skin Cream
11
3 Experimental Techniques
25
Rat SkinVirgin
44
4 Adhesion Friction and Wear of Rat Skin With and Without a Common Cream Treatment
47
5 Nanomechanical Properties of Rat Skin With and Without a Common Cream Treatment
68
6 Triboelectrification of Rat Skin With and Without a Common Cream Treatment
77
Rat Skin and Pig SkinVirgin and Damaged
88
Synthetic Skin
108
8 Nanotribological and Nanomechanical Characterization of Synthetic Skins With and Without Common Cream Treatment for Cosmetic Science
111
Skin Tactile Perception
122
9 Skin Vibrations Created During Touch
123
Closure
137
10 Overall Summary and Outlook
139
Primer to Tribology
141
Subject Index
161

7 Friction Wear and Nanomechanical Properties of Virgin and Damaged Rat Skin and Pig Skin With and Without a Common Cream Treatment
91

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About the author (2016)

Dr. Bharat Bhushan is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor in the College of Engineering, and the Director of the Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2) and affiliated faculty in John Glenn College of Public Affairs at the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. In 2013-14, he served as an ASME/AAAS Science & Technology Policy Fellow, House Committee on Science, Space & Technology, United States Congress, Washington, DC. He holds two M.S., a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering/mechanics, an MBA, and two honorary and two semi-honorary doctorates. His research interests include fundamental studies with a focus on scanning probe techniques in the interdisciplinary areas of bio/nanotribology, bio/nanomechanics and bio/nanomaterials characterization and applications to bio/nanotechnology, and biomimetics. He has authored 8 scientific books, 90+ handbook chapters, 800+ scientific papers (h index–76+; ISI Highly Cited Researcher in Materials Science since 2007 and in Biology and Biochemistry since 2013; ISI Top 5% Cited Authors for Journals in Chemistry since 2011), and 60+ scientific reports. He has also edited 50+ books and holds 20 U.S. and foreign patents. He is co-editor of Springer NanoScience and Technology Series and Microsystem Technologies, and member of editorial board of PNAS. He has organized various international conferences and workshops. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and international fellowships including the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize for Senior Scientists, Max Planck Foundation Research Award for Outstanding Foreign Scientists, Fulbright Senior Scholar Award, Life Achievement Tribology Award, and Institution of Chemical Engineers (UK) Global Award. His research was listed as the top ten science stories of 2015. He is a member of various professional societies, including the International Academy of Engineering (Russia). He has previously worked for various research labs including IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. He has held visiting professorship at University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, UK, Technical University Vienna, Austria, University of Paris, Orsay, ETH Zurich, EPFL Lausanne, Univ. of Southampton, UK, Univ. of Kragujevac, Serbia, Tsinghua Univ., China, Harbin Inst., China, and KFUPM, Saudi Arabia.

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