Introduction to Desalination: Systems, Processes and Environmental Impacts

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John Wiley & Sons, Jul 27, 2020 - Science - 408 pages
One book dealing with the fundamentals of thermal and membrane desalination systems and discussing their economical as well as environmental aspects.

With a growing population, climate change and greater water demand, desalination has increasingly become a part of the solution to regional water scarcity - seawater desalination capacity has roughly doubled in the past ten years. Desalination has also begun to receive more attention in academia, with research focusing on improving energy efficiency and system robustness and lowering capital costs.

With this book, an introduction is given to the basics and fundamentals of desalination systems. Both, thermal and membrane desalination systems, are covered and discussed in view of energy, exergy, economic and environmental aspects. In the beginning, Introduction to Desalination: Systems, Processes and Environmental Impacts describes multi effect evaporation, vapor compression and multi-stage flashing. Further chapters deal with common membrane-based separations like reverse osmosis and membrane filtration, forward osmosis, diffusion dialysis and pervaporation as well as thermo-osmosis, electrodialysis and electrodeionization. Subsequently, hybrid systems are discussed, and the economic analysis of such systems and their environmental impact are highlighted. Each chapter contains theoretical and practical examples and concludes with questions and problems for self-study.

* Needed: Desalination has become a part of the solution to regional water scarcity and an introductory book in this field is urgently needed.

* Balanced Approach: Presents the fundamentals of thermal and membrane desalination systems.

* Learning Material: Each chapter includes exercises for self-study and Instructors can find teaching material online.

Introduction to Desalination: Systems, Processes and Environmental Impacts is an important resource for master's students in engineering sciences, lecturers in chemical and mechanical engineering, engineers, environmental chemists, as well as process engineers, engineering scientists in industry, and environmental consultants.


 

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Contents

Multieffect Evaporator MEE
29
Multistage Flashing MSF
77
Thermal Vapor Compression TVC
113
Reverse Osmosis RO
147
Electrodialysis ED
205
Membrane Distillation
225
4
235
Natural Osmosis
251
Solar Wind
291
Hybrid Desalination System
349
Appendix A ThermoPhysical Properties of Seawater
381
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About the author (2020)

Fuad Nesf Alasfour was retired Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Kuwait University (Kuwait). He studied mechanical engineering in the US and received his PhD from the University of Colorado (USA) in 1989. After this time, he returned to Kuwait and was employed at Kuwait University in different administrative and academic positions. He became full professor in 2016. In 2002, he was a visiting professor at the Illinois Institute of Technology (USA). For more than 25 years, he has been involved in teaching and research in the fields of desalination, combustion, power plants and air pollution.

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