Carbon Nanotubes: Basic Concepts and Physical Properties

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John Wiley & Sons, Mar 12, 2004 - Science - 215 pages
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Carbon nanotubes are exceptionally interesting from afundamental research point of view. Many concepts ofone-dimensional physics have been verified experimentally such aselectron and phonon confinement or the one-dimensionalsingularities in the density of states; other ID signatures arestill under debate, such as Luttinger-liquid behavior. Carbonnanotubes are chemically stable, mechanically very strong, andconduct electricity. For this reason, they open up new perspectivesfor various applications, such as nano-transistors in circuits,field-emission displays, artificial muscles, or addedreinforcements in alloys.

This text is an introduction to the physical concepts needed forinvestigating carbon nanotubes and other one-dimensionalsolid-state systems. Written for a wide scientific readership, eachchapter consists of an instructive approach to the topic andsustainable ideas for solutions. The former is generallycomprehensible for physicists and chemists, while the latterenables the reader to work towards the state of the art in thatarea. The book gives for the first time a combined theoretical andexperimental description of topics like luminescence of carbonnanotubes. Raman scattering, or transport measurements. Thetheoretical concepts discussed range from the right-bindingapproximation, which can be followed by pencil and paper, tofirst-principles simulations. The authors emphasize a comprehensivetheoretical and experimental understanding of carbon nanotubesincluding

  • general concepts for one-dimensional systems
  • an introduction to the symmetry of nanotubes
  • textbook models of nanotubes as narrow cylinders
  • a combination of ab-initio calculations and experiments
  • luminescence excitation spectroscopy linked to Ramanspectroscopy
  • an introduction to the ID-transport properties ofnanotubes
  • effects of bundling on the electronic and vibrationalproperties and
  • resonance Raman scattering in nanotubes
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes
31
Optical Properties
67
Electronic Transport
85
Elastic Properties
101
Raman Scattering
115
Vibrational Properties
135
Appendix A Character and Correlation Tables of Graphene
177
Fundamental Constants
183
Index
211
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About the author (2004)

Stephanie Reich graduated in 2001 from the Technische Universit t Berlin, Germany, and, after a year at the Institut de Ci ncia de Materials de Barcelona, Spain, she is now an Oppenheimer Fellow at the University of Cambridge, UK. Her scientific focus is combining experimental and ab-initio techniques in nanotube research.

Christian Thomsen researches and teaches as professor of physics at the Technische Universit t Berlin. His work concentrates on the physical properties of solid-state systems investigated with optical spectroscopy.

Janina Maultzsch is in the final state of completing her doctoral thesis at the Technische Universit t Berlin. Her main scientific interests are the symmetry properties of one-dimensional systems and resonant Raman processes in nanotubes.

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