Carbon Nanotubes: Basic Concepts and Physical Properties
John Wiley & Sons, Mar 12, 2004 - Science - 215 pages
Carbon nanotubes are exceptionally interesting from afundamental research point of view. Many concepts ofone-dimensional physics have been verified experimentally such aselectron and phonon confinement or the one-dimensionalsingularities in the density of states; other ID signatures arestill under debate, such as Luttinger-liquid behavior. Carbonnanotubes are chemically stable, mechanically very strong, andconduct electricity. For this reason, they open up new perspectivesfor various applications, such as nano-transistors in circuits,field-emission displays, artificial muscles, or addedreinforcements in alloys.
This text is an introduction to the physical concepts needed forinvestigating carbon nanotubes and other one-dimensionalsolid-state systems. Written for a wide scientific readership, eachchapter consists of an instructive approach to the topic andsustainable ideas for solutions. The former is generallycomprehensible for physicists and chemists, while the latterenables the reader to work towards the state of the art in thatarea. The book gives for the first time a combined theoretical andexperimental description of topics like luminescence of carbonnanotubes. Raman scattering, or transport measurements. Thetheoretical concepts discussed range from the right-bindingapproximation, which can be followed by pencil and paper, tofirst-principles simulations. The authors emphasize a comprehensivetheoretical and experimental understanding of carbon nanotubesincluding