Photonic Crystals: Advances in Design, Fabrication, and Characterization

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Kurt Busch, Stefan Lölkes, Ralf B. Wehrspohn, Helmut Föll
Wiley, Apr 12, 2004 - Science - 380 pages

Bridging the gap between structural and fire engineering, this widely acclaimed introduction to the structural design of buildings and building elements exposed to fire has been thoroughly updated.

Structural Design for Fire Safety, Second Edition begins with the fundamentals of fires and fire safety, giving an introduction to real fire exposure and the response of structures to such fires and outlining the important contribution of structural fire resistance to overall fire safety. Methods of calculating fire severity and achieving fire resistance are described, including fire performance of the main structural materials including structural steel, reinforced concrete and timber construction. Particularly valuable are the design sections, where the earlier material is synthesised and recommendations are made for rational design of building structures exposed to fires.

This thoroughly updated edition includes a new chapter on composite steel–concrete construction, updated references, building codes, case studies and worked examples as well as describing new developments of the past ten years, including advanced calculation methods and computer programs. 

  • Provides expert guidance on interpreting code requirements for fire safety, understanding the concepts of fire severity and fire resistance, estimating time–temperature curves for fully developed compartment fires, understanding the behaviour of structural elements and buildings exposed to fires, designing steel, concrete and timber structures to resist fire exposure and assessing the fire performance of existing structures.
  • Describes new developments in the past ten years, including advanced calculation methods and computer programs.
  • Includes a new chapter on composite steel–concrete construction.
  • Includes new case studies of structural collapses due to fire, in particular the 9/11 World Trade Centre.

Provides updated references and international building codes as well as new end–of–chapter questions and worked examples, and teaching aids via an accompanying website.

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About the author (2004)

Kurt Busch has been an Associate Professor at the Department of Physics and the School of Optics: CREOL & FPCE at the University of Central Florida (Orlando, USA) since January 2004. He received his undergraduate (Dipl.-Phys.; 1993) and postgraduate training (Dr. rer. nat.; 1996) at the University of Karlsruhe (Germany) and partly at the Iowa State University (Ames, USA). His professional experience included working at Iowa State University (Ames, USA), the University of Toronto (Canada; 1997-1999) and leading a junior research group within the Emmy-Noether program of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft at the University of Karlsruhe (Germany; 2000-2003). His research interests lie in light-matter interactions and wave propagation in strongly scattering materials and Photonic Crystals.

Stefan Lölkes graduated in semiconductor physics at the Technical University of Munich, Germany, in 2000. In 2001, he started his Ph.D. thesis on “Electrochemical etching of Photonic Crystals” at the Chair for General Materials Science at the Chr istian-Alb rechts-University of Kiel, Germany. In parallel, he co-organized already several national symposia on Photonic Crystals in the framework of the DFG priority program 1113 “Photonic Crystals”.

Ralf B. Wehrspohn received his diploma degree in physics at the University of Oldenburg in 1995. He then carried out a Ph.D. at the Ecole Polytechnique in France about thin film technology and electrochemistry. In 1998 he joined the Philips Research Laboratories in Redhill, U.K., to work on thin film transistors for AMLCD. From end of 1999 to March 2003 he has been responsible for the activities on photonic crystals and self-ordered porous materials at the Max-Planck-Institute of Microstructure Physics in Halle. Since April 2003 he is full professor in experimental physics at the University of Paderborn where he leads the activities on nanophotonic materials. R. B. Wehrspohn has been awarded with the Heinz Maier-Leipnitz award of the DFG and the TR100 innovation price of the MIT in 2003.

Helmut Föll received his Ph.D. degree in Physics in 1976 from the University of Stuttgart in conjunction with the Max-Planck-Institute for Metal Research in Stuttgart. After postdoctorial work at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Cornell University and a position as guest scientist at the T.J. Watson Res. Center of IBM in Yorktown Heights, he joined Siemens in 1980, working in the newly founded Solar Energy Department of Central Research in Munich. After various senior positions in microelectronics development, in 1991 he accepted an offer of the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel to become the founding dean of the newly established Faculty of Engineering, where he also holds the Chair for General Materials Science. Since 1998 he is back to research, with particular interest in solar cell technology and the electrochemistry of semiconductors. He is one of the pioneers in the field of porous semiconductors and has coauthored more than 150 papers and 20 patents.

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