Physics of Solar Cells: From Basic Principles to Advanced Concepts
The new edition of this highly regarded textbook provides a detailed overview of the most important characterization techniques for solar cells and a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages.
It describes in detail all aspects of solar cell function, the physics behind every single step, as well as all the issues to be considered when improving solar cells and their efficiency. The text is now complete with examples of how the appropriate characterization techniques enable the distinction between several potential limitation factors, describing how quantities that have been introduced theoretically in earlier chapters become experimentally accessible.
With exercises after each chapter to reinforce the newly acquired knowledge and requiring no more than standard physics knowledge, this book enables students and professionals to understand the factors driving conversion efficiency and to apply this to their own solar cell development.
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Conversion of Thermal Radiation into Chemical Energy
Conversion of Chemical Energy into Electrical Energy
Basic Structure of Solar Cells
Limitations on Energy Conversion in Solar Cells
Concepts for Improving the Efficiency of Solar Cells
Characterization of Solar Cells
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absorption coefficient acceptors atoms Auger recombination band gap charge carriers charge current chemical energy chemical potential concentration of electrons conduction band current–voltage characteristic density per solid diffusion length donors doping driving force Earth efficiency elec electrical energy electrical potential electrochemical potential electron affinity electron–hole pairs electrons and holes emission emitted photon current energy current density energy gap entropy Equation equilibrium exciton Fermi energies free energy function grad gradient hole membrane hydrogen ℏω illumination impact ionization impurity level incident interface lattice layer lifetime material maximum power metal contacts minority carriers momentum open-circuit voltage oxygen p-conductor p-doped p-region p-type particles photon current density photon energy pn-junction potential difference quasi-Fermi energies radiative recombination recombination rate result semiconductor series resistance short-circuit current shown in Figure solar radiation solid angle space charge spectrum surface recombination temperature thermal thickness tion transitions transport trons valence band velocity wavelength Würfel