Avian Migration: With 32 Tables

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Springer Science & Business Media, May 22, 2003 - Nature - 610 pages
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P. Berthold and E. Gwinnd Bird migration is an intriguing aspect of the living world - so much so that it has been investigated for as long, and as thoroughly, as almost any other natural phenomenon. Aristotle, who can count as the founder of scientific ornithology, paid very close attention to the migrations of the birds he ob served, but it was not until the reign of Friedrich II, in the first half of the 13th century, that reliable data began to be obtained. From then on, the data base grew rapidly. Systematic studies of bird migration were introduced when the Vogelwarte Rossitten was founded, as the first ornithological biological observation station in the world (see first chapter "In Memory of Vogelwarte Rossitten"). This area later received enormous impetus when ex perimental research on the subject was begun: the large-scale bird-ringing experiment initiated in Rossitten in 1903 by Johannes Thienemann (who was inspired by the pioneering studies of C. C. M. Mortensen), the experiments on photoperiodicity carried out by William Rowan in the 1920s in Canada and retention and release experiments performed by Thienemann in the 1930s in Rossitten, the first experimental study on the orientation of migratory birds. After the Second World War, migration research, while continuing in the previous areas, also expanded into new directions such as radar ornithology, ecophysiology and hormonal control mechanisms, studies of evolution, ge netics, telemetry and others.
 

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Contents

A Phylogenetic and Biogeographic Perspective
3
A Compilation of Field Observations and Ringing Data
21
Ecology and Evolution of Hummingbird Population Movements and Migration
39
Quantitative Genetic Analysis of Migratory Behaviour
53
Physiology and Ecophysiology of Migration
79
Circannual and Circadian Contributions to the Timing of Avian Migration
81
New Insights from Captive Studies
97
Regulation of FacultativeType Movements
113
Modern Approaches Techniques Conservation
333
Using a Network of WSR88D Weather Surveillance Radars to Define Patterns of Bird Migration at Large Spatial Scales
335
The Radar Window to Bird Migration
347
Variation on the Migration Theme
359
The Extreme Case of Pelagic Birds
367
Making Migratory Connections with Stable Isotopes
379
Individual Variability in Experiments with Emlen Funnels
393
Conservation of Migratory Birds
407

Behavioural and Hormonal Dynamics in a Partial Migrant the Willow Tit
127
LifeHistory and Ecophysiological Adaptations to Migration in Australian Birds
141
a Review
155
Morphological Adaptations Moult Patterns of Migration
173
Morphological Consequences of Migration in Passerines
175
Primary Moult Strategies of Migratory Waders Charadrii
187
The Eared Grebe
199
Geographical Patterns in Bird Migration
211
Selected Aspects
225
Relationships Between Migration and Breeding Strategies in Arctic Breeding Birds
237
Strategies of Migration Stopover Biology and Nutrition
251
Bird Migration Speed
253
Energetic Savings by Organ Adjustment During Long Migratory Flights in Garden Warblers Sylvia borin
269
Age Sex and Motivational Asymmetries
281
Possible Effects of Metabolic Constraints During Refuelling on Flight Metabolism
293
Causes Constraints and Consequences
307
Nutritional Strategies in Migratory Birds
321
Orientation and Flight
421
Magnetic Navigation by an Avian Migrant?
423
Mechanisms of Orientation and Navigation in Migratory Birds
433
Migratory Systems as Adaptive Responses to Spatial and Temporal Variability in Orientation Stimuli
457
Experiments with Migratory Birds
471
Spatiotemporal Orientation Strategies of LongDistance Migrants
493
Stored Fat and the Migratory Orientation of Birds
515
Posthatch Growth of Locomotor Muscles and Behavioural Physiology of Migration of an Arctic Goose
527
Measurements of Flight Performance and Body Drag in Flying Birds
543
TwentyThree Testable Predictions About Bird Flight
563
Interdisciplinary Aspects
583
Bird Migration as an Interdisciplinary Tool for Global Cooperation
585
References
599
Subject Index
601
Common and scientific names of birds and animals
609
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