Fundamentals of Quantum Information: Quantum Computation, Communication, Decoherence and All That

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Dieter Heiss
Springer, Jan 11, 2008 - Science - 266 pages
Quantum information science is a rapidly developing field that not only promises a revolution in computer sciences but also touches deeply the very foundations of quantum physics. This book consists of a set of lectures by leading experts in the field that bridges the gap between standard textbook material and the research literature, thus providing the ne- cessary background for postgraduate students and non-specialist researchers wishing to familiarize themselves with the subject thoroughly and at a high level. This volume is ideally suited as a course book for postgraduate students, and lecturers will find in it a large choice of material for bringing their courses up to date.
 

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Contents

A Guide for the Reader
1
Qubits Cbits Decoherence Quantum Measurement and Environment
3
Introduction to Quantum Computation
47
EnvironmentInduced Decoherence and the Transition from Quantum to Classical
77
Quantum Information Science Using Photons
149
Entanglement Purification Error Correction and Quantum Optical Implementations
198
Spintronics Quantum Computing and Quantum Communication in Quantum Dots
241
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