## Probability in PhysicsWhat is the role and meaning of probability in physical theory, in particular in two of the most successful theories of our age, quantum physics and statistical mechanics? Laws once conceived as universal and deterministic, such as Newton‘s laws of motion, or the second law of thermodynamics, are replaced in these theories by inherently probabilistic laws. This collection of essays by some of the world‘s foremost experts presents an in-depth analysis of the meaning of probability in contemporary physics. Among the questions addressed are: How are probabilities defined? Are they objective or subjective? What is their explanatory value? What are the differences between quantum and classical probabilities? The result is an informative and thought-provoking book for the scientifically inquisitive. |

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### Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction | 1 |

Chapter 2 Physics and Chance | 17 |

Chapter 3 Typicality and the Role of the Lebesgue Measure in Statistical Mechanics | 41 |

Chapter 4 Typicality and Notions of Probability in Physics | 59 |

Chapter 5 Deterministic Laws and Epistemic Chances | 73 |

Chapter 6 Measures over Initial Conditions | 87 |

Chapter 7 A New Approach to the Approach to Equilibrium | 99 |

Chapter 8 Revising Statistical Mechanics Probability Typicality and Closure Time | 115 |

Chapter 12 Three Attempts at Two Axioms for Quantum Mechanics | 187 |

Chapter 13 Generalized Probability Measures and the Framework of Effects | 201 |

Chapter 14 Infinitely Challenging Pitowskys Subjective Interpretation and the Physics of Infinite Systems | 219 |

Chapter 15 Bayesian Conditioning the Reflection Principle and Quantum Decoherence | 233 |

Chapter 16 The World According to de Finetti On de Finettis Theory of Probability and Its Application to Quantum Mechanics | 249 |

Chapter 17 Four and a Half Axioms for FiniteDimensional Quantum Probability | 281 |

Chapter 18 Probability in the ManyWorlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics | 299 |

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Chapter 9 How Many Maxwells Demons and Where? | 135 |

Chapter 10 Locality and Determinism The Odd Couple | 149 |

Chapter 11 Why the Tsirelson Bound? | 167 |

Titles in this Series | 318 |