Isotopes in Condensed Matter
Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 10, 2012 - Technology & Engineering - 290 pages
This book provides a concise introduction to the newly created sub-discipline of solid state physics isotopetronics. The role of isotopes in materials and their properties are describe in this book. The problem of the enigma of the atomic mass in microphysics is briefly discussed. The range of the applications of isotopes is wide: from biochemical process in living organisms to modern technical applications in quantum information. Isotopetronics promises to improve nanoelectronic and optoelectronic devices. With numerous illustrations this book is useful to researchers, engineers and graduate students.
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3 Early Spectroscopic Studies of Isotopes
4 Isotopes in Solids
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absorption acceptor annealing ArXiv atoms band gap baryons beam binding energy calculated charge coefficient concentration conduction band corresponding Debye density diamond diffusion donor doping electromagnetic electron elements emission equation excitation exciton experimental frequency GaAs germanium hydrogen impurities interaction irradiation isotope effect isotope shift isotopic composition isotopic mass isotopic substitution isotopically enriched laser lattice constant Lett levels lithium hydride low temperatures material measured mixed crystals mode molecular molecule Moscow n-type neutron nuclear physics nuclei nucleons observed obtained optical oscillator parameter particles peak phonon photoluminescence Phys potential properties proton quantum quarks radiation radioactive Raman scattering references therein Russian samples self-diffusion semiconductors shown silicon solid spectra spectrum Springer structure symmetry temperature dependence theoretical theory thermal conductivity thermal expansion transition transmutation V.G. Plekhanov vacuum valence band vibration York zero-point zero-point energy