The Vitreous State: Thermodynamics, Structure, Rheology, and Crystallization

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Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 12, 2013 - Science - 553 pages
This book summarizes the experimental evidence and modern classical and theoretical approaches in understanding the vitreous state, from structural problems, over equilibrium and non-equilibrium thermodynamics, to statistical physics. Glasses, and especially silicate glasses, are only the best known representatives of this particular physical state of matter. Other typical representatives include organic polymer glasses, and many other easily vitrifying organic and inorganic substances, technically important materials, amidst them vitreous water and vitrified aqueous solutions, and also many metallic alloy systems. Some of these systems only form glasses under particular conditions, e.g. through ultra-rapid cooling. This book describes the properties and the formation of both every-day technical glasses and especially of such more exotic forms of vitreous matter.
It is a unique source of knowledge and new ideas for materials scientists, engineers and researchers working on condensed matter. The new edition emphasizes latest experimental findings and modern theories, explaining the kinetics of glass formation, the relaxation and stabilization of glasses and their crystallization in terms of new models, derived from the framework of the thermodynamics of irreversible processes. It shows how the properties of common technical glasses, window glass, or the vitreous ice kernel of comets can be used to develop a new understanding of the existence of matter in various, unusual forms. The described theories can even find application for the description of lasers and interesting unusual processes in the universe.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
Chapter 2 States of Aggregation Thermodynamic Phases Phase Transformations and the Vitreous State
6
Chapter 3 Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and the Kinetics of Glass Transition and Stabilization
69
Chapter 4 General Approaches to the Description of the Structureof Glasses
126
Chapter 5 Statistical Physics of Undercooled Melts and Glasses
165
Chapter 6 Kinetics of Crystallization and Segregation Nucleation in GlassForming Systems
219
Chapter 7 Catalyzed Crystallization of GlassForming Melts
289
Chapter 8 Theory of Crystal Growth and Dissolution in Undercooled Melts Basic Approaches
332
Chapter 10 Kinetics of Overall Crystallization Kinetic Criteriafor GlassFormation
394
Chapter 11 Liquid Phase Separation in GlassForming Melts
417
Chapter 12 Rheology of GlassForming Melts
425
Chapter 13 Concluding Remarks
442
Chapter 14 Brief Overview on Some New Developments
447
References
524
Index
551
Copyright

Chapter 9 Growth of Clusters and of Ensembles of Clusters Ostwald Ripening and Ostwalds Rule of Stages
367

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