Equilibrium Thermodynamics

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 8, 2014 - Science - 382 pages
This textbook provides an exposition of equilibrium thermodynamics and its applications to several areas of physics with particular attention to phase transitions and critical phenomena. The applications include several areas of condensed matter physics and include also a chapter on thermochemistry. Phase transitions and critical phenomena are treated according to the modern development of the field, based on the ideas of universality and on the Widom scaling theory. For each topic, a mean-field or Landau theory is presented to describe qualitatively the phase transitions. These theories include the van der Waals theory of the liquid-vapor transition, the Hildebrand-Heitler theory of regular mixtures, the Griffiths-Landau theory for multicritical points in multicomponent systems, the Bragg-Williams theory of order-disorder in alloys, the Weiss theory of ferromagnetism, the Néel theory of antiferromagnetism, the Devonshire theory for ferroelectrics and Landau-de Gennes theory of liquid crystals. This textbook is intended for students in physics and chemistry and provides a unique combination of thorough theoretical explanation and presentation of applications in both areas. Chapter summaries, highlighted essentials and problems with solutions enable a self sustained approach and deepen the knowledge.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Joule Principle
1
Chapter 2 Carnot Principle
13
Chapter 3 ClausiusGibbs Principle
29
Chapter 4 Thermodynamic Potentials
45
Chapter 5 Thermodynamic Identities
67
Chapter 6 NernstPlanck Principle
83
Chapter 7 Phase Transition
103
Chapter 8 Criticality
119
Chapter 12 OrderDisorder Transition
207
Chapter 13 Magnetic Systems
225
Chapter 14 Magnetic Ordering
255
Chapter 15 Dielectrics
277
Chapter 16 Solids
297
Chapter 17 Liquid Crystals
317
Chapter 18 Thermal Radiation
329
Chapter 19 Thermochemistry
339

Chapter 9 Mixtures
141
Chapter 10 Binary Mixtures
159
Chapter 11 Phase Diagrams
187
Bibliography
365
Index
377
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About the author (2014)

Prof. Dr. Mário J. de Oliveira
Instituto de Fisica
Universidade de São Paulo
Caixa Postal 66318
05314-970 São Paulo
Brazil
oliveira@if.usp.br

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