Physics of Quantum Fluids: New Trends and Hot Topics in Atomic and Polariton Condensates

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Alberto Bramati, Michele Modugno
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 11, 2013 - Science - 405 pages
The study of quantum fluids, stimulated by the discovery of superfluidity in liquid helium, has experienced renewed interest after the observation of Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) in ultra-cold atomic gases and the observation a new type of quantum fluid with specific characteristics derived from its intrinsic out-of-equilibrium nature. The main objective of this book is to take a snapshot of the state-of-the-art of this fast moving field with a special emphasis on the hot topics and new trends. Bringing together the most active specialists of the two areas (atomic and polaritonic quantum fluids), we expect that this book will facilitate the exchange and the collaboration between these two communities working on subjects with very strong analogies.
 

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Contents

Quantum Fluids of ExcitonPolaritons and Ultracold Atoms
1
Universality in Modelling Nonequilibrium Pattern Formation in Polariton Condensates
19
Bosonic Spin Transport
39
MeanField Description of Multicomponent ExcitonPolariton Superfluids
51
Spin Effects in Polariton Condensates From HalfSolitons to Analogues of Wormholes
71
Dynamics of Vortices and Dark Solitons in Polariton Superfluids
99
Polariton Quantum Fluids and Devices
127
ExcitonPolariton Condensates in Zero One and TwoDimensional Lattices
156
Toward Room Temperature OneDimensional Quantum Fluid in the Solid State Exciton Polaritons in Zinc Oxide Microwires
231
Superfluid Instability and Critical Velocity in Two and Three Dimensions
257
Quantized Vortices and Quantum Turbulence
282
Characteristics and Perspectives of Quantum Turbulence in Atomic BoseEinstein Condensates
301
Spatial and Temporal Coherence of a BoseCondensed Gas
315
Effects of Interactions on BoseEinstein Condensation of an Atomic Gas
340
Universal Thermodynamics of a Unitary Fermi Gas
361
High Resolution Electron Microscopy of Quantum Gases
378

Polariton Condensates in Low Dimensional Cavities
177
Toward Quantum Fluids at Room Temperature Polariton Condensation in IIINitride Based Microcavities
200

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