Combustion: Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modelling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - Science - 265 pages
Combustion is an old technology, which at present provides about 90% of our worldwide energy support. Combustion research in the past used fluid mechanics with global heat release by chemical reactions described with thermodynamics, assuming infinitely fast reactions. This approach was useful for stationary combustion processes, but it is not sufficient for transient processes like ignition and quenching or for pollutant formation. Yet pollutant formation during combustion of fossil fuels is a central topic and will continue to be so in future. This book provides a detailed and rigorous treatment of the coupling of chemical reactions and fluid flow. Also, combustion-specific topics of chemistry and fluid mechanics are considered, and tools described for the simulation of combustion processes.
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Experimental Investigation of Flames
Mathematical Description of Laminar Flat Premixed Flames
Thermodynamics of Combustion Processes
Laminar Premixed Flames
The NavierStokesEquations for ThreeDimensional Reacting
Turbulent Reacting Flows
Turbulent Nonpremixed Flames
Turbulent Premixed Flames
Formation of Hydrocarbons and Soot
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assumed atoms autoignition calculated CH2O Chapter chemical kinetics chemical reaction collision combustion combustion processes compounds computational concentration conservation equations constant denotes density described differential equation diffusion coefficients dissipation rate droplet elementary reactions energy engine enthalpy equation system equilibrium example flame extinction flame front flame velocity flamelet flux formation function gas phase gases gradient heat conduction heat transfer Hirschfelder hydrocarbons hydrogen ignition increase kinetic laminar flame laminar premixed laser mass fractions measured mixing mixture fraction molar mass mole fractions molecular molecules Navier-Stokes equations nonpremixed flames obtains oxygen particles premixed flame pressure profiles propagation rate coefficients rate law ratio Rayleigh scattering react reactants reaction mechanism reaction rate Section sensitivity shown in Fig simulation solution soot spatial species stoichiometric surface temperature dependence term thermal diffusion thermodynamics tion transport turbulent flame turbulent flow turbulent premixed flame unburnt variable viscosity Warnatz