Combustion: Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modelling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation

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Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - Science - 265 pages
Combustion is an old technology, which at present provides about 90% of our worldwide energy support. Combustion research in the past used fluid mechanics with global heat release by chemical reactions described with thermodynamics, assuming infinitely fast reactions. This approach was useful for stationary combustion processes, but it is not sufficient for transient processes like ignition and quenching or for pollutant formation. Yet pollutant formation during combustion of fossil fuels is a central topic and will continue to be so in future. This book provides a detailed and rigorous treatment of the coupling of chemical reactions and fluid flow. Also, combustion-specific topics of chemistry and fluid mechanics are considered, and tools described for the simulation of combustion processes.
 

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Contents

Introduction Fundamental Definitions and Phenomena
1
Experimental Investigation of Flames
9
Mathematical Description of Laminar Flat Premixed Flames
21
Thermodynamics of Combustion Processes
31
Chemical Kinetics
63
Reaction Mechanisms
83
Laminar Premixed Flames
107
Ignition Processes
131
The NavierStokesEquations for ThreeDimensional Reacting
147
Turbulent Reacting Flows
157
Turbulent Nonpremixed Flames
179
Turbulent Premixed Flames
193
Engine Knock
211
Formation of Hydrocarbons and Soot
237
Keyword Index
256
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