Combustion: Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation

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Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - Science - 299 pages
Combustion is an old technology, which at present provides about 90% of our worldwide energy support. Combustion research in the past used fluid mechanics with global heat release by chemical reactions described with thermodynamics, assuming infinitely fast reactions. This approach was useful for stationary combustion processes, but it is not sufficient for transient processes like ignition and quenching or for pollutant formation. Yet pollutant formation during combustion of fossil fuels is a central topic and will continue to be so in future. This book provides a detailed and rigorous treatment of the coupling of chemical reactions and fluid flow. Also, combustion-specific topics of chemistry and fluid mechanics are considered, and tools described for the simulation of combustion processes. For the 2nd edition, the parts dealing with experiments, spray combustion, and soot were thoroughly revised.
 

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Contents

Introduction Fundamental Definitions and Phenomena
1
Experimental Investigation of Flames
9
Mathematical Description of Premixed Laminar Flat Flames
23
Thermodynamics of Combustion Processes
33
Chemical Kinetics
65
Reaction Mechanisms
85
Laminar Premixed Flames
111
Ignition Processes
137
Turbulent Reacting Flows
163
Turbulent Nonpremixed Flames
187
Turbulent Premixed Flames
201
LowTemperature Oxidation Engine Knock
227
Formation of Hydrocarbons and Soot
257
References
273
Index
289
Copyright

The NavierStokesEquations for ThreeDimensional Reacting
153

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