Laser Physics at the Limits

Front Cover
Hartmut Figger, Dieter Meschede, Claus Zimmermann
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 29, 2013 - Technology & Engineering - 522 pages
Laser physics has always been driven by a genuinely scientific quest to extend existing limits, limits of physical knowledge and limits of physical methods. Enhancing precision, sensitivity, and resolution has been an essential topic of this evolution. Experiments and concepts of laser physics have also earned a central place in modern physics. More than 100 years after the invention of quantum physics, subtleties of light-matter interaction can be beautifully illustrated through the application of lasers, an invaluable highlight of our current presentation of modern microscopic physics. The scientific advancement of physics is impossible without the ingenuity of experimenters and of theoreticians. Among those, Theodor Hänsch has oc cupied a commanding position for many decades now, contributing numerous original and fundamental contributions to the field of laser physics. This vol urne was thus initiated on the occasion of his 60th birthday. It demonstrates the influence of his scientific activities at present and during the recent past. Current developments in fields such as atomic elocks, precision measurements of fundamental constants, nonlinear optical effects, Bose-Einstein condensa tion, and atomic quantum engineering underline the virtue of concepts and results derived in his laboratories.
 

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Contents

Conclusions
8
The Plug Play Optical Synthesizer
18
Methane Frequency Standard for Precision Measurements
33
Division of Optical Frequency Intervals
47
A Delay Line Can Speed Things Up?
55
fscQlens unifi it Jürgen Eschner
59
Magnetometry
70
References
94
Sideband Cooling
255
Conditional Spin Resonance with Trapped Ions
261
Acknowledgements
271
Acknowledgement
280
for a Robust BoseEinstein Condensation Experiment
281
Conclusions
287
Optical and Magnetic Manipulation of Single Biomolecules
295
References
302

Outlook
113
Source of Continuous Coherent Lymano Radiation
119
The Resonant Nonlinear Faraday Effect
125
Sensitive Detection Techniques
131
Conclusion
140
Studies of Controlled Decoherence
146
Pursuing Fundamental Physics with Novel Laser Technology
153
References
163
Summary
173
Beyond QED
179
Direct Detection of Gravitational Waves in Space
185
Experiments
191
Pictorial Representation
211
Experiment
226
Christoph Balzer
233
Acknowledgements
240
Laser Cooling of Trapped Ions
243
Measuring the Vibrational Quantum State of an Ion
249
Universität Hamburg Rainer Blatt
254
References
312
Experiment
323
Conclusion
326
Acknowledgements
340
Raman Technique for Femtosecond Pulse Generation
355
MeV Electrons and Positrons
381
Small Molecules in Intense Laser Fields
394
Linear and Nonlinear Raman Spectroscopy of Gases
409
Nonlinear Raman Spectroscopy
411
Manipulating Atomic Radiation
427
The OneWay Quantum Computer
443
Efficient Generation of PolarizationEntangled Photon Pairs
448
Loading Microtraps
463
Development of the Toroidal Trap
478
Structural Prototype of the Particles
497
Molecular SelfAssembly
504
Subject Index
519
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