Nonequilibrium Physics at Short Time Scales: Formation of Correlations

Front Cover
Klaus Morawetz
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 9, 2013 - Science - 501 pages
This book is the result of the many discussions and collaborations that de veloped from the seven previous workshops held on this topic. This ongoing series of interdisciplinary workshops provided an opportunity for the presen tation and exchange of results describing nonequilibrium phenomena at short time scales. The important questions concern the correlation and memory ef fects in dense interacting systems currently under study in various areas of physics. Experiments on very short time scales are especially characterized by the strong correlations in systems far from equilibrium and by their non linear dynamics. In this regard, conventionally applied theoretical techniques are critically reviewed, and new theoretical concepts are discussed. Possible signals of nonequilibrium effects are extracted from experiments using power ful techniques and skills. The exchange of views and techniques from different areas of physics helped to stimulate such developments. The impressive success of experiments using short laser pulses to probe the properties of matter, as well as of the new methods of analysis of the early phases of heavy ion reactions, initiated a review of the available many body theoretical methods. These statistical methods describing strong nonequilib rium situations were known, at least partially, for a long time. However, recent developments in computing power have provided the possibility of accurately comparing ab initio and approximate methods.
 

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Contents

Quantum ManyBody Theory
3
S Chung
37
Variational Approaches to the Dynamics
59
Thermal Nonanalyticity in the Damping Rate
73
Second Law of Thermodynamics
94
Isothermal Molecular Dynamics
109
Nonlocal Kinetic Theory
125
Collisional Absorption of Laser Radiation
153
Disorder Induced eh Correlation in Photoexcited Transients
273
Excitonic Correlations in the Nonlinear Optical Response
294
Cluster Expansion in Semiconductor Quantum Optics
309
Analysis of Cluster Dynamics
337
Short TimeScale Electron Kinetics in Bulk Metals
357
A Arbouet C Guillon D Christofilos P Langot N Del Fatti
377
Electric Fields in Superconductors
401
Cluster Emission in Complex Nuclear Reactions
417

Correlations and Equilibration
172
Consequences of Kinetic Nonequilibrium
195
SelfConsistent Projection Operator Theory
250
Correlations in Finite Systems
445
Index 495
494
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