Solid State Physics of Finite Systems: Metal Clusters, Fullerenes, Atomic Wires

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Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 9, 2013 - Science - 236 pages
Quantum mechanics is the set of laws of physics which, to the best of our knowledge, provides a complete account of the microworld. One of its chap ters, quantum electrodynamics (QED), is able to account for the quantal phenomena of relevance to daily life (electricity, light, liquids and solids, etc.) with great accuracy. The language of QED, field theory, has proved to be uni versal providing the theoretical basis to describe the behaviour of many-body systems. In particular finite many-body systems (FMBS) like atomic nuclei, metal clusters, fullerenes, atomic wires, etc. That is, systems made out of a small number of components. The properties of FMBS are expected to be quite different from those of bulk matter, being strongly conditioned by quantal size effects and by the dynamical properties of the surface of these systems. The study of the elec tronic and of the collective behaviour (plasmons and phonons) of FMBS and of their interweaving, making use of well established first principle quantum (field theoretical) techniques, is the main subject of the present monograph. The interest for the study of FMBS was clearly stated by Feynman in his address to the American Physical Society with the title "There is plenty of room at the bottom". On this occasion he said among other things: "When we get to the very, very small world - say circuits of seven atoms - we have a lot of new things that would happen that represent completely new opportunities for design" [1].
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Overview
7
Electronic Structure
35
Electronic Response to TimeDependent Perturbations 61
60
Applications to Carbon Structures and Metal Clusters
79
Harmonic Approximation 105
104
The CarParrinello Method
131
Coupling of Electrons to Phonons
145
Pairing in Atomic Aggregates 183
182
Discussion
221
Index
233
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