Decoding the Mechanisms of Antikythera Astronomical Device

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Springer, Oct 26, 2015 - Science - 281 pages

This book presents a systematic design methodology for decoding the interior structure of the Antikythera mechanism, an astronomical device from ancient Greece. The historical background, surviving evidence and reconstructions of the mechanism are introduced, and the historical development of astronomical achievements and various astronomical instruments are investigated. Pursuing an approach based on the conceptual design of modern mechanisms and bearing in mind the standards of science and technology at the time, all feasible designs of the six lost/incomplete/unclear subsystems are synthesized as illustrated examples, and 48 feasible designs of the complete interior structure are presented. This approach provides not only a logical tool for applying modern mechanical engineering knowledge to the reconstruction of the Antikythera mechanism, but also an innovative research direction for identifying the original structures of the mechanism in the future. In short, the book offers valuable new insights for all readers who are interested in the Antikythera mechanism.

 

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Contents

1 A Sketch of Ancient Western Astronomy
1
2 Ancient Astronomical Instruments
21
3 Amazing Discovery of Archaeology
44
4 Modern Reconstruction Research
63
5 Reconstruction Design Methodology
85
6 Reconstruction Designs of the Calendrical Subsystem
114
7 Reconstruction Designs of the Lunar Subsystem
133
8 Reconstruction Designs of the Solar Subsystem
153
9 Reconstruction Designs of the Planetary Subsystem
180
10 Reconstruction Designs of the Moon Phase Display Device
201
11 Assembly Work and Models
213
Appendix A All 48 Feasible Designs of CompleteInterior Mechanisms
229
Appendix B Detailed Design of Model 9
277
Index
279
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