Quantum Information Theory: Mathematical Foundation

Front Cover
Springer, Nov 3, 2016 - Computers - 636 pages

This graduate textbook provides a unified view of quantum information theory. Clearly explaining the necessary mathematical basis, it merges key topics from both information-theoretic and quantum- mechanical viewpoints and provides lucid explanations of the basic results. Thanks to this unified approach, it makes accessible such advanced topics in quantum communication as quantum teleportation, superdense coding, quantum state transmission (quantum error-correction) and quantum encryption.
Since the publication of the preceding book Quantum Information: An Introduction, there have been tremendous strides in the field of quantum information. In particular, the following topics – all of which are addressed here – made seen major advances: quantum state discrimination, quantum channel capacity, bipartite and multipartite entanglement, security analysis on quantum communication, reverse Shannon theorem and uncertainty relation.
With regard to the analysis of quantum security, the present book employs an improved method for the evaluation of leaked information and identifies a remarkable relation between quantum security and quantum coherence. Taken together, these two improvements allow a better analysis of quantum state transmission. In addition, various types of the newly discovered uncertainty relation are explained.
Presenting a wealth of new developments, the book introduces readers to the latest advances and challenges in quantum information.
To aid in understanding, each chapter is accompanied by a set of exercises and solutions.

 

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Contents

1 Mathematical Formulation of Quantum Systems
1
2 Information Quantities and Parameter Estimation in Classical Systems
25
3 Quantum Hypothesis Testing and Discrimination of Quantum States
95
4 ClassicalQuantum Channel Coding Message Transmission
155
5 State Evolution and TracePreserving Completely Positive Maps
196
6 Quantum Information Geometry and Quantum Estimation
253
7 Quantum Measurements and State Reduction
323
8 Entanglement and Locality Restrictions
357
9 Analysis of Quantum Communication Protocols
491
10 Source Coding in Quantum Systems
569
Quantum Information Theory
606
Appendix Limits and Linear Algebra
607
Postface to Japanese version
626
Index
631
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About the author (2016)

Masahito Hayashi was born in Japan in 1971. He received the B.S. degree from the Faculty of Sciences in Kyoto University, Japan, in 1994 and the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Mathematics from Kyoto University, Japan, in 1996 and 1999, respectively.

He worked in Kyoto University as a Research Fellow of the Japan Society of the Promotion of Science (JSPS) from 1998 to 2000, and worked in the Laboratory for Mathematical Neuroscience, Brain Science Institute, RIKEN from 2000 to 2003, and worked in ERATO Quantum Computation and Information Project, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) as the Research Head from 2000 to 2006. He also worked in the Superrobust Computation Project Information Science and Technology Strategic Core (21st Century COE by MEXT) Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo as Adjunct Associate Professor from 2004 to 2007. He worked in the Graduate School of Information Sciences, Tohoku University as Associate Professor from 2007 to 2012. In 2012, he joined the Graduate School of Mathematics, Nagoya University as Professor. He also worked in Centre for Quantum Technologies, National University of Singapore as Visiting Research Associate Professor from 2009 to 2012 and as Visiting Research Professor from 2012 to now. In 2011, he received the Information Theory Society Paper Award (2011) for Information-Spectrum Approach to Second-Order Coding Rate in Channel Coding. In 2016, he received the Japan Academy Medal from the Japan Academy and the JSPS Prize from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.

He is a member of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Quantum Information and International Journal On Advances in Security. His research interests include classical and quantum information theory, information-theoretic security, and classical and quantum statistical inference.