Plasma Physics for Controlled Fusion

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Springer, May 12, 2016 - Science - 495 pages

This new edition presents the essential theoretical and analytical methods needed to understand the recent fusion research of tokamak and alternate approaches. The author describes magnetohydrodynamic and kinetic theories of cold and hot plasmas in detail. The book covers new important topics for fusion studies such as plasma transport by drift turbulence, which depend on the magnetic configuration and zonal flows. These are universal phenomena of microturbulence. They can modify the onset criterion for turbulent transport, instabilities driven by energetic particles as well as alpha particle generation and typical plasma models for computer simulation. The fusion research of tokamaks with various new versions of H modes are explained. The design concept of ITER, the international tokamak experimental reactor, is described for inductively driven operations as well as steady-state operations using non-inductive drives. Alternative approaches of reversed-field pinch and its relaxation process, stellator including quasi-symmetric system, open-end system of tandem mirror and inertial confinement are also explained. Newly added and updated topics in this second edition include zonal flows, various versions of H modes, and steady-state operations of tokamak, the design concept of ITER, the relaxation process of RFP, quasi-symmetric stellator, and tandem mirror. The book addresses graduate students and researchers in the field of controlled fusion.




 

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Contents

1 Nature of Plasma
1
2 Orbit of Charged Particles in Various Magnetic Configuration
11
3 Magnetohydrodynamics
50
4 Equilibrium
63
5 Confinement of Plasma Ideal Cases
84
6 Magnetohydrodynamic Instabilities
97
7 Resistive Instabilities
137
8 Boltzmanns Equation
162
14 Development of Fusion Researches
326
15 Tokamak
337
16 Reversed Field Pinch
389
17 Stellarator
403
18 Open End System
423
19 Inertial Confinement
439
Appendix A Derivation of MHD Equations of Motion
455
Appendix B Energy Integral of Axisymmetric ToroidalSystem
460

9 Waves in Cold Plasmas
175
10 Waves in Hot Plasmas
195
11 Wave Heatings and NonInductive Current Drives
225
12 Instabilities Driven by Energetic Particles
259
13 Plasma Transport by Turbulence
285
Appendix C QuasiSymmetric Stellarators
473
Appendix D Physical Constants Plasma Parametersand Mathematical Formula
483
Curriculum Vitae in Sentence of KenroMiyamoto
488
Index
491
Copyright

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About the author (2016)

Dr. Kenro Miyamoto is Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo. He received his diploma in physics (1955) from University of Tokyo and his PhD in 1961 from University of Rochester. He engaged the constructions and experiments of stellarator and tokomak in the Institute of Plasma Physics, Nagoya University during 1964-1979. His main interest was confinement physics of stellarator and tokamak. He moved to Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo in 1979. He started reversed field pinch (RFP) experiment and studied the relaxation and reconnection phenomena of RFP plasma (1979-1992). He was a member of working group Phase 2A (1981-1983) of INTOR (International Tokamak Reactor) and a member of Tokamak Physics Expert Group of ITER (International Tokamak Experimental Reactor) during 1999-2002.

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