Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducers: Noncontacting Ultrasonic Measurements using EMATs
This second edition provides comprehensive information on electromagnetic acoustic transducers (EMATs), from the theory and physical principles of EMATs to the construction of systems and their applications to scientific and industrial ultrasonic measurements on materials. The original version has been complemented with selected ideas on ultrasonic measurement that have emerged since the first edition was released.
The book is divided into four parts:
PART I offers a self-contained description of the basic elements of coupling mechanisms along with the practical designing of EMATs for various purposes. Several implementations to compensate for EMATs’ low transfer efficiency are provided, along with useful tips on how to make an EMAT.
PART II describes the principle of electromagnetic acoustic resonance (EMAR), which makes the most of EMATs’ contactless nature and is the most successful amplification mechanism for precise measurements of velocity and attenuation.
PART III applies EMAR to studying physical acoustics. New measurements have emerged with regard to four major subjects: in situ monitoring of dislocation behavior, determination of anisotropic elastic constants, pointwise elasticity mapping (RUM), and acoustic nonlinearity evolution.
PART IV deals with a variety of individual issues encountered in industrial applications, for which the EMATs are believed to be the best solutions. This is proven by a number of field applications.
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10 Nonlinear Acoustics for Microstructural Evolution
11 Online Texture Monitoring of Steel Sheets
12 Acoustoelastic Stress Measurements
13 Measurement of Induction Hardening Depth
14 Detection of Flaw and Corrosion
15 Average Grain Size of Steels
16 RemainingLife Assessment of Fatigued Metals
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Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducers: Noncontacting Ultrasonic Measurements ...
Masahiko Hirao,Hirotsugu Ogi
No preview available - 2018