Nuclear Power and Energy Security
Samuel Apikyan, David Diamond
Springer, Oct 13, 2009 - Technology & Engineering - 282 pages
The basic logic is very simple. Countries around the globe have a need for more electrical generating capacity because of increases in population and increases in energy use per capita. The needs are constrained by the requirement that the ba- load energy source be economical, secure, and not emit climate-changing gases. Nuclear power fits this description. Therefore, many countries that have not had a nuclear power program (or only had a small program) see a need to develop one in the future. However, the development of a national nuclear energy program is not so simple. The purpose of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Nuclear Power and Energy Security was to contribute to our understanding of how these programs might evolve. The workshop took place 26–29 May 2009 in Yerevan, Armenia. Approximately 50 participants discussed the infrastructure that is needed and some of the reactor options that might be considered. The papers in this book helped define the discussion that took place. The infrastructure that is needed includes a legal framework, a functioning regulator, a plan for waste disposal, a plan for emergency response, etc. These needs were explained and just as importantly, it was explained what international, bilateral, and regional cooperation is available. Although there were many co- tries represented, the Armenian experience was of particular interest because of where the meeting was located. The papers on reactor options covered both innovative and evolutionary designs.
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Accessed 14 accident activities ANPP Apikyan and D.J. assessment Atomic Energy Agency beryllium beryllium chloride BN-350 reactor burn-up Business Media B.V. capacity CBRN Chernobyl construction coolant cooperation core cost countries D.J. Diamond eds decommissioning documents economic electricity emissions Energy Security Estonia experience facility fast reactors Figure fuel cycle greenhouse gas IAEA implementation increase industry Innovative Nuclear INPRO Methodology International Atomic Energy IRIS KHTR licensing NAEs National Nuclear needs neutron nonproliferation nuclear fission nuclear fuel nuclear material nuclear plants nuclear power plant nuclear power program nuclear reactors Nuclear Regulatory Nuclear Regulatory Commission nuclear safety nuclear unit nuclear weapons oil shale operation organizations parameters Physical Protection Power and Energy power reactors production radioactive waste radionuclides region regulator reprocessing requirements rods S.A. Apikyan safe sources spent fuel Springer Science storage technical temperature thermal tokamak uranium