## Rational Reconstructions of Modern PhysicsNewton’s classical physics and its underlying ontology are loaded with several metaphysical hypotheses that cannot be justified by rational reasoning nor by experimental evidence. Furthermore, it is well known that some of these hypotheses are not contained in the great theories of modern physics, such as the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. This book shows that, on the basis of Newton’s classical physics and by rational reconstruction, the theory of relativity as well as quantum mechanics can be obtained by partly eliminating or attenuating the metaphysical hypotheses. Moreover, it is shown that these reconstructions do not require additional hypotheses or new experimental results. |

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### Contents

1 | |

Reconstruction of Special and General Relativity | 11 |

Reconstruction of Quantum Mechanics | 49 |

Three Constants of Nature | 79 |

Interpretations of Modern Physics | 102 |

Concluding Remarks | 113 |

119 | |

123 | |

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absolute space apparatuses classical logic classical mechanics classical ontology O(C classical physics concept considered constituting ensemble coordinates Copenhagen interpretation ð Þ directly intuitive Einstein’s field equations elementary propositions elimination empirical ensemble G Euclidean experimental finite formally true propositions generalised Lorentz transformations geometry Hence Hilbert space hypothetical assumptions inertial system lattice LQ light signals Lindenbaum-Tarski algebra Lorentz transformations means mechanics in Hilbert mentioned metaphysical hypotheses metric Minkowskian space-time Mittelstaedt Modern Physics O(QU observables obtain ontological hypotheses particles physical theories Planck’s constant postulate preconditions pseudo-Riemannian quantum logic quantum mechanics quantum ontology quantum ontology O(Q quantum physics quantum theory quantum world Rational Reconstructions reasoning reconstruction of quantum reconstruction of Special relativistic relaxation requirement restricted Riemannian Sect sense spatial Special Relativity step structure systems of inertia theoretical theories of Modern theory of space-time theory of Special transformation TI I0 unsharp properties unsharp propositions value definiteness velocity of light x0 ¼