Particles and Fundamental Interactions: An Introduction to Particle Physics

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Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 16, 2011 - Science - 498 pages

The book provides theoretical and phenomenological insights on the structure of matter, presenting concepts and features of elementary particle physics and fundamental aspects of nuclear physics.
Starting with the basics (nomenclature, classification, acceleration techniques, detection of elementary particles), the properties of fundamental interactions (electromagnetic, weak and strong) are introduced with a mathematical formalism suited to undergraduate students. Some experimental results (the discovery of neutral currents and of the W and Z0 bosons; the quark structure observed using deep inelastic scattering experiments) show the necessity of an evolution of the formalism. This motivates a more detailed description of the weak and strong interactions, of the Standard Model of the microcosm with its experimental tests, and of the Higgs mechanism. The open problems in the Standard Model of the microcosm and macrocosm are presented at the end of the book. For example, the CP violation currently measured does not explain the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the observable universe; the neutrino oscillations and the estimated amount of cosmological dark matter seem to require new physics beyond the Standard Model. A list of other introductory texts, work reviews and some specialized publications is reported in the bibliography.

Translation from the Italian Language Edition
"Particelle e interazioni fondamentali" by Sylvie Braibant, Giorgio Giacomelli, and Maurizio Spurio
Copyright Springer-Verlag Italia, 2009
Springer-Verlag Italia is part of Springer Science+Business Media
All Rights Reserved


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Chapter 1 Historical Notes and Fundamental Concepts
Chapter 2 Particle Interactions with Matter and Detectors
Chapter 3 Particle Accelerators and Particle Detection
Chapter 4 The Paradigm of Interactions The Electromagnetic Case
Chapter 5 First Discussion of the Other Fundamental Interactions
Chapter 6 Invariance and Conservation Principles
Chapter 7 Hadron Interactions at Low Energies and the Static Quark Model
Chapter 8 Weak Interactions and Neutrinos
Chapter 10 High Energy Interactions and the Dynamic Quark Model
Chapter 11 The Standard Model of the Microcosm
Chapter 12 CPViolation and Particle Oscillations
Chapter 13 Microcosm and Macrocosm
Chapter 14 Fundamental Aspects of Nucleon Interactions
Appendix A

Chapter 9 Discoveries in ElectronPositron Collisions

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About the author (2011)

Giorgio M. Giacomelli became full professor of Physics in 1971. He is (co)author of > 650 publications in scientific journals and over 350 reports and conference proceedings. He supervised 115 Laurea Theses, 30 PhD Theses. He received prizes from the Italian Physical Society, the University of Bologna and from the A. Della Riccia Foundation. He is “Marchigiano of the year 2006”. In 1981 the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) listed him in the “1000 Contemporary Scientists Most-Cited in 1969-78". He is presently in the Highly Cited list of ISI.
He was Director of the Institute of Physics, of the Department of Physics (1975-88) and President of the Laurea in Physics Committee of the University of Bologna. He was a member of many national and international scientific committees (SPSC, LEPC and ECFA at CERN, HEP at Fermilab, of INFN, of the ENI foundation, of CTS of ENEA, bioethics of CNR, of the Galvani Committee). Presently he is Emeritus Professor at the University of Bologna, collaborator of INFN and CERN, Fellow of the American Physical Society, Socio Benemerito of the Italian Physical Society, member of the European Physical Society, of the Accademia delle Scienze di Bologna, of the New York Academy of Sciences, and the Accademia Teatina. He is one of the Editors of the Journal “Astroparticle Physics”.

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