## Rational Reconstructions of Modern PhysicsNewton’s classical physics and its underlying ontology are loaded with several metaphysical hypotheses that cannot be justified by rational reasoning nor by experimental evidence. Furthermore, it is well known that some of these hypotheses are not contained in the great theories of Modern Physics, such as the theory of Special Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. This book shows that, on the basis of Newton’s classical physics and by rational reconstruction, the theory of Special Relativity as well as Quantum Mechanics can be obtained by partly eliminating or attenuating the metaphysical hypotheses. Moreover, it is shown that these reconstructions do not require additional hypotheses or new experimental results. In the second edition the rational reconstructions are completed with respect to General Relativity and Cosmology. In addition, the statistics of quantum objects is elaborated in more detail with respect to the rational reconstruction of quantum mechanics. The new material completes the approach of the book as much as it is possible at the present state of knowledge. Presumably, the most important contribution that is added to the second edition refers to the problem of interpretation of the three great theories of Modern Physics. It is shown in detail that in the light of rational reconstructions even realistic interpretations of the three theories of Modern Physics are possible and can easily be achieved. |

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absolute space apparatuses Bohr Busch calculus classical logic classical mechanics classical ontology O(C classical physics clock concept considered constant 00 coordinates determined distinguish Dordrecht Einstein Einstein’s field equations elementary properties elementary propositions empirical Euclidean experimental finitely generalised Lorentz transformation geometry Hence Hilbert space hypothetical assumptions inertial system interpretation intuitive Leibniz Lindenbaum-Tarski algebra Lorentz transformation mathematical means measuring rods mechanics in Hilbert mentioned metaphysical hypotheses metric Minkowskian space-time Mittelstaedt modern physics Natanson statistics Newton’s classical O(Q U observables obtain ontological hypotheses ordinary experience orthomodular particles particular physical theories Planck’s constant postulate preconditions proof pseudo-Riemannian quantum logic quantum mechanics quantum ontology quantum ontology O(Q quantum physics quantum theory rational reconstruction reconstruction of quantum reconstruction of special refer relativistic relaxed requirement respect restricted Section Q semantics spatial special relativity Springer Springer Science+Business Media theoretical theories of modern theory of special unsharp properties unsharp quantum logic value definiteness velocity of light