Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - Science - 221 pages
Research and publications in the field of Astronomy have undergone dramatic changes in the last half-century. While activities just slowed down during World War II in the US and in Latin America, they were very strongly affected by the difficult conditions prevailing among the European belligerent nations. Half a century ago, re search activities were mostly confined to observatories (linked or not to universities) and usually separated from the teaching of physical sciences. Hence, directors of observatories played an important role in the choice of the research fields, and "schools" of research appeared at various places, de veloping specific instrumentation, reduction techniques and mathematical methods to achieve their scientific goals. Reorganising the research activities after the war was no minor under taking, specially because communications were interrupted for over five years and isolated continental Europe from overseas activities. Scarcity of observing instruments (some of them being requisitioned by occupy ing armies) , enormous gaps in the available litterature led to local research activities, conducted independently of similar efforts undertaken elsewhere.
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2000 Kluwer Academic Academic Publishers activities advisory amateur astronomers American Astronomical Society and/or AO’s Ap.J associations Astron astronomy-related organizations astronomy/astrophysics authors BepiColombo bibliometric budget Category century citations co-publications collaborations committee conference cornerstones countries Cumulative distribution database Editor electronic English European European Space Agency field France funding Germany groups Heck Horizons impact important increased INSAP institutions International Astronomical Union investigations involved ISBN language launch Mars Express master files meetings mission NASA non-anglophone North America observing Organizations and Strategies Pacific papers payload peer review phase planetariums present professional astronomers Program Scientist projects proposals Publ public observatories referee Royal Astronomical Society sample science programme scientific community Scientometrics share sizes solar Space Science specific SSAC Strategies in Astronomy subeditors Table Telescope tion tronomers University Western Europe worldwide Zitt