Relaxation of the Chemical Bond: Skin Chemisorption Size Matter ZTP Mechanics H2O Myths

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Springer, Jul 8, 2014 - Science - 807 pages
The aim of this book is to explore the detectable properties of a material to the parameters of bond and non-bond involved and to clarify the interdependence of various properties. This book is composed of four parts; Part I deals with the formation and relaxation dynamics of bond and non-bond during chemisorptions with uncovering of the correlation among the chemical bond, energy band and surface potential barrier (3B) during reactions; Part II is focused on the relaxation of bonds between atoms with fewer neighbors than the ideal in bulk with unraveling of the bond order-length-strength (BOLS) correlation mechanism, which clarifies the nature difference between nanostructures and bulk of the same substance; Part III deals with the relaxation dynamics of bond under heating and compressing with revealing of rules on the temperature-resolved elastic and plastic properties of low-dimensional materials; Part IV is focused on the asymmetric relaxation dynamics of the hydrogen bond (O:H-O) and the anomalous behavior of water and ice under cooling, compressing and clustering. The target audience for this book includes scientists, engineers and practitioners in the area of surface science and nanoscience.
 

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Contents

Part IO N and C Chemisorption
1
1 Introduction
3
BondBandBarrier 3B Correlation
17
Atomic Valences and Bond Geometry
33
Valence DOS
115
Bond Nature and Bond Strength
132
Nonbond Interactions
141
7 Kinetics of Bond Forming and Bond Switching
147
MultipleField Coupling
456
24 Liquid and Solid Skins
469
Strength and Extensibility
503
26 Atomic Sheets Nanotubes and Nanowires
517
I Elasticity and Compressibility
535
II Plasticity and Yield Stress
571
29 Atomic Vacancy Nanocavity and Porous Foams
602
HeteroCoordination
621

8 Design Materials and Processes
152
9 Concluding Remarks
177
Part IO N and C Chemisorption
189
Part IISize Matter
190
10 Introduction
191
BOLS and NEP
203
12 Skin Bond Relaxation and Nanosolid Densification
223
Entrapment and Polarization
239
Atomic Cohesive Energy
253
Phonon Relaxation
298
Entrapment and Polarization
313
Photon Emission and Absorption
345
Electron Polarization
371
Atomic CN and Thermal Coupling
383
Size Emergence
401
21 Concluding Remarks
427
Part IISize Matter
434
Part III Atomistic Solid Mechanics
437
22 Introduction
439
31 Concluding Remarks
647
Part IIIAtomistic Solid Mechanics
656
Part IVWater Myths
657
32 Introduction
661
Hydrogen Bond Cooperativity
671
Inter ElectronPair Repulsion
691
35 Molecular Clusters Skins and Ultrathin Films
700
36 Thermally Driven Density and PhononStiffness Oscillation
713
37 HBond Asymmetric Local Potentials
729
38 Molecular Size Separation Packing Order and Density
741
39 Skin Supersolidity of Water and Ice
747
40 P T and z Coupling Effect
757
HBond Memory and Skin Supersolidity
763
42 Prospects
775
43 Conclusion
795
Part IVWater Myths
797
Appendices
799
Author Biography
807
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About the author (2014)

Dr. Chang Q Sun received a BSc in 1982 from Wuhan University of Science and Technology and an MSc in 1987 from Tianjin University, China. He completed his PhD in 1997 at Murdoch University, Australia and then joined Nanyang Technological University in 1997 as a faculty up to date.

His original contributions to the advancement of coordination bond and electronic engineering with multiple breakthroughs include: 1) bond-band-barrier (3B) correlation for C, N, O chemisorption 3B dynamics; 2) hydrogen-bond asymmetric relaxation & H2O anomalies; 3) bond-order-length-strength (BOLS) correlation for the physical chemistry of defect, surface and nanosolid; 4) nonbonding electron polarization (NEP) at undercoordinated sites; 5) local-bond-average approach for solid meso-mechano-thermo dynamics; 6) BOLS-TB algorithm for edge states discrimination; 7) zone-selective photoelectron spectroscopic (ZPS) purification of bonds & electrons associated with undercoordinated defect and surface atoms and hetero-coordinated interfaces; 8) Raman quantification of the length, energy, compressibility, Debye temperature, force constant & relaxation dynamics of bonds; 9) STM/S/VLEED quantification of 4-stage Cu3O2 bonding kinetics; & 10) functional materials devise, etc.

Dr. Sun has published over 250 principally-authored journal articles, 4 book chapters, 4 patents and 10 themed reports in Surface Science Reports, Chemical Reviews, Progress in Materials Science and Progress in Solid State Chemistry. etc. His BOLS theory has been adopted as teaching materials by institutes in multiple nations. He was conferred the First Laureate of the 25th Khwarizmi International Science Award in 2012 and the Inaugural Nanyang Award of Research in 2005. He was elected as Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC, 2006) and the Institute of Physics (FInstP, 2007). He is currently on the Editorial Advisory Board for 8 journals and holding honorary appointments at multiple institutions.

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