The Cambridge Companion to Descartes
John Cottingham, Professor of Philosophy John Cottingham
Cambridge University Press, Sep 25, 1992 - Philosophy - 441 pages
Descartes occupies a position of piviotal importance as one of the founding fathers of modern philosophy; he is, perhaps the most widely studied of all philosophers. In this authoritative collection an international team of leading scholars in Cartesian studies present the full range of Descartes' extraordinary philosophical achievement. His life and the development of his thought, as well as the intellectual background to and reception of his work are treated at length. At the core of the volume are a group of chapters on his metaphysics: the celebrated "Cogito" argument, the proofs of God's existence, the "Cartesian circle" and the dualistic theory of the mind and its relation to his theological and scientific views. Other chapters cover the philosophical implications of his work in algebra, his place in the 17th century scientific revolution, the structure of his physics, and his work on physiology and psychology.
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Descartes life and the development of his philosophy
Descartes and scholasticism the intellectual background to Descartes thought
The nature of abstract reasoning philosophical aspects of Descartes work in algebra
Cartesian metaphysics and the role of the simple natures
The Cogito and its importance
The idea of God and the proofs of his existence
The Cartesian circle
Cartesian dualism theology metaphysics and science
algebra argument attribute belief bodily body called cartes Cartesian cause certainty claim clear and distinct clearly common concept consider CSM II CSMK demonstration Descartes direction Discourse discussion distinct perception doctrine doubt effects evidence example existence experience explain extension fact follow geometry given human idea imagination important inference infinite intellectual interpretation intuition Jesuits kind knowledge later laws letter lines logical material mathematics matter means mechanical Meditation Mersenne metaphysics mind motion move objects observed particular passage passions perceived perfect philosophy physics position possible present Principles problem proposition psychological purely question reason reference relation Replies rest result rule scholastic scientific seems sensations sense shape simple natures skeptical soul substance suggests theory thing thought tion true truth truth rule understand University unshakability various writes