Language, Memory, and Aging
Leah L. Light, Deborah M. Burke
Cambridge University Press, Jul 30, 1993 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 281 pages
There has been an upsurge of interest in the aging process as it affects cognition. Most research attention has been focused on memory and relatively little has been focused on language in the elderly. This volume addresses both the research on language in old age relevant to memory, and memory research relevant to language in old age. The authors draw on a range of methodologies and compare young and older adults (both normal and demented). Representing the major perspectives in contemporary cognition theory, they raise such current issues as the role of awareness in memory and language, the relation between semantic and episodic memory, the distinction between automatic and attentional processes, and the usefulness of distinguishing among levels of processing. The book will be welcomed not only as an invaluable overview for cognitive and developmental psychologists, neuropsychologists and psycholinguists but also as a supplementary text for graduate students in cognitive science and gerontology.
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adulthood Age and memory age deficit age differences age groups age-related Alzheimer Alzheimer's disease anaphor aphasia associated automatic Baddeley Burke clauses cognitive psychology Cohen complex component context coreference correlated Craik decline dementia Developmental Psychology discourse elderly adults encoding episodic memory Experimental Psychology Hasher Hultsch impaired implicit memory inferences integration Journal of Experimental Journal of Gerontology Journal of Verbal knowledge latency Learning and Verbal lexical decision linguistic long-term memory measures memory and aging mental Psychology normal aging noun old age older adults pattern performance Poon prime effect processing capacity processing resources pronoun propositions reading recognition require retrieval Salthouse scores SDAT semantic encoding semantic memory semantic priming semantic processing sentence span speed strategies structure subjects suggests syntactic target task text memory text recall variables verbal ability Verbal Behavior Verbal Learning verbs vocabulary word working-memory capacity young and older younger adults Zacks Zelinski