Institutional Design in Post-Communist Societies: Rebuilding the Ship at Sea

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The authors of this book have developed a new and stimulating approach to the analysis of the transitions of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia to democracy and a market economy. They integrate interdisciplinary theoretical work with elaborate empirical data on some of the most challenging events of the twentieth century. Three groups of phenomena and their causal interconnection are explored: the material legacies, constraints, habits and cognitive frameworks inherited from the past; the erratic configuration of new actors, and new spaces for action; and a new institutional order under which agency is institutionalized and the sustainability of institutions is achieved. The book studies the interrelations of national identities, economic interests, and political institutions with the transformation process, concentrating on issues of constitution making, democratic infrastructure, the market economy, and social policy.
 

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Contents

Introduction agenda agency and the aims of Central East European transitions
1
1 The particular character of the Central and East European transitions
3
2 The role of military force and conflict
6
weak agents diverse aspirations
11
economic interests political institutions national identities
17
5 The demise of European state socialism
21
who shall be in charge?
27
Mapping Eastern Europe
35
3 Bringing the state back out
161
4 The furnishing of capitalism
183
5 The long road to functioning markets
194
Social policy transformation
203
2 The old welfare regime and the reform ambitions after 1989
204
institutional continuities and changes in the realm of social policy
208
from state command to interest coordination
234
state of reform and performance
244

comparative country profiles
37
modes of extrication
48
methodological remarks
60
Constitutional politics in Eastern Europe
63
1 Constitution making
64
2 Constitutional structure and provisions
80
Building and consolidating democracies
109
2 The choice and consequences of the electoral systems
111
the prospects for party competition
131
Building capitalism in Eastern Europe
156
constraints dilemmas paradoxes
158
Consolidation and the cleavages of ideology and identity
247
2 Ethnic and other identitybased cleavages
254
3 Politicoideological cleavages
261
4 Conclusion
267
Conclusion the unfinished project
271
2 Evaluation of the outcomes of the transition process in the four countries under study
274
3 How to explain the ranking
292
4 Concluding observations
305
References
309
Index
346
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