Towards Justice and Virtue: A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning

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Cambridge University Press, Aug 28, 1996 - Philosophy - 230 pages
Towards Justice and Virtue challenges the rivalry between those who advocate only abstract, universal principles of justice and those who commend only the particularities of virtuous lives. Onora O'Neill traces this impasse to defects in underlying conceptions of reasoning about action. She proposes and vindicates an alternative, more modest, account of ethical reasoning, a reasoned way of answering the question "who counts?", and constructs a linked account of the principles that are basic for moving toward just institutions and virtuous lives.
 

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Contents

Overview justice against virtue?
9
ancient origins
11
current confrontations
16
some popular stories
23
some alternative stories
31
Practical reason abstraction and construction
38
21 Abstraction and idealization
39
Rawisian models
44
51 Principles and requirements
125
obligations with rights
128
obligations without rights
136
54 Taking obligations seriously
141
55 Embodied obligations
146
Content I principles for all towards justice
154
61 Inclusive universal principles
155
62 Conflict and consistency
157

23 Constructing practical reason
48
24 Constructing reason and constructing ethics
59
Focus action intelligibility and principles
66
intelligibility and consequences
69
virtue and action
71
33 Universality uniformity and differences
73
34 Empty formalism rulefollowing and radical particularism
77
35 Some conclusions
89
Scope agents and subjects who counts?
91
universalists and particularists
93
42 Constructing the scope of ethical concern
97
43 Acknowledging plurality connection and finitude
100
44 Denying plurality connection and finitude
107
distant strangers and future generations
113
Structure obligations and rights
122
63 Universalizability and the rejection of injury
161
rejecting injury
166
rejecting direct injury
168
rejecting indirect injury
174
principles design and judgement
178
Content II principles for all towards virtue
184
71 Required and optional virtues
187
why justice is not enough
189
73 Selective care and concern
195
74 Varieties of social virtue
200
75 Supererogation and optional excellences
206
76 Towards justice with virtue
209
Bibliography
213
Index
222
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