Reforming the State: Fiscal and Welfare Reform in Post-Socialist Countries

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 15, 2001 - Business & Economics - 284 pages
Countries of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe are entering the second decade of political transformation and economic reform. The first decade involved macroeconomic stabilization, privatization, and development of the basic institutional infrastructure of a market economy. The new policy challenges center on the nature of the social contract between citizens and their governments. These challenges include identifying the appropriate boundaries between the obligations of the public sector and the responsibilities of individual citizens, the range of public goods the government should supply, and who should pay for and benefit from their provision. The essays in this volume, first published in 2001, focus on two interrelated issues: the making of fiscal policy and the provision of citizens' welfare, particularly regarding pensions and health care. The essays emphasize that there is no single model of a market economy; rather, governments and publics face a range of options for restructuring the socialist welfare state.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Fiscal Policy and Institutions
23
The Politics of LaborMarket Adjustment The Case of Russia
25
Creating Effective Tax Administrations The Experience of Russia and Georgia
53
Politics Institutions and Macroeconomic Adjustment Hungarian Fiscal Policy Making in Comparative Perspective
75
BrothersinArms or Rivals in Politics? Top Politicians and Top Policy Makers in the Hungarian Transformation
111
The Welfare Reform
143
Lessons from Sweden for PostSocialist Countries
145
The Borderline between the Spheres of Authority of the Citizen and the State Recommendations for the Hungarian Health Reform
181
Security through Diversity Conditions for Successful Reform of the Pension System in Poland
210
The Politics of Pension and HealthCare Reforms in Hungary and Poland
235
Appendix
267
Index
279
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