Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 2: The Age of Meaning

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Princeton University Press, 2003 - Philosophy - 504 pages

This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date.


As Scott Soames tells it, the story of analytic philosophy is one of great but uneven progress, with leading thinkers making important advances toward solving the tradition's core problems. Though no broad philosophical position ever achieved lasting dominance, Soames argues that two methodological developments have, over time, remade the philosophical landscape. These are (1) analytic philosophers' hard-won success in understanding, and distinguishing the notions of logical truth, a priori truth, and necessary truth, and (2) gradual acceptance of the idea that philosophical speculation must be grounded in sound prephilosophical thought. Though Soames views this history in a positive light, he also illustrates the difficulties, false starts, and disappointments endured along the way. As he engages with the work of his predecessors and contemporaries--from Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein to Donald Davidson and Saul Kripke--he seeks to highlight their accomplishments while also pinpointing their shortcomings, especially where their perspectives were limited by an incomplete grasp of matters that have now become clear.


Soames himself has been at the center of some of the tradition's most important debates, and throughout writes with exceptional ease about its often complex ideas. His gift for clear exposition makes the history as accessible to advanced undergraduates as it will be important to scholars. Despite its centrality to philosophy in the English-speaking world, the analytic tradition in philosophy has had very few synthetic histories. This will be the benchmark against which all future accounts will be measured.

 

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Contents

REJECTION OF THE TRACTARIAN CONCEPTION OF LANGUAGE AND ANALYSIS
5
RULE FOLLOWING AND THE PRIVATE LANGUAGE ARGUMENT
34
CLASSICS OF ORDINARY LANGUAGE PHILOSOPHY TRUTH GOODNESS THE MIND AND ANALYSIS
67
RYLES DILEMMAS
69
RYLES CONCEPT OF MIND
94
STRAWSONS PERFORMATIVE THEORY OF TRUTH
117
HARES PERFORMATIVE THEORY OF GOODNESS
137
SUGGESTED FURTHER READING FOR PART TWO
155
THE INDETERMINACY OF TRANSLATION
225
QUINES RADICAL SEMANTIC ELIMINATIVISM
261
SUGGESTED FURTHER READING FOR PART FIVE
289
DONALD DAVIDSON ON TRUTH AND MEANING
291
THEORIES OF TRUTH AS THEORIES OF MEANING
293
TRUTH INTERPRETATION AND THE ALLEGED UNINTELLIGIBILITY OF ALTERNATIVE CONCEPTUAL SCHEMES
314
SUGGESTED FURTHER READING FOR PART SIX
333
SAUL KRIPKE ON NAMING AND NECESSITY
335

MORE CLASSICS OF ORDINARY LANGUAGE PHILOSOPHY THE RESPONSE TO RADICAL SKEPTICISM
157
MALCOLMS PARADIGM CASE ARGUMENT
159
AUSTINS SENSE AND SENSIBILIA
173
SUGGESTED FURTHER READING FOR PART THREE
195
PAUL GRICE AND THE END OF ORDINARY LANGUAGE PHILOSOPHY
197
LANGUAGE USE AND THE LOGIC OF CONVERSATION
199
SUGGESTED FURTHER READING FOR PART FOUR
221
THE PHILOSOPHICAL NATURALISM OF WILLARD VAN ORMAN QUINE
223
NAMES ESSENCE AND POSSIBILITY
337
THE NECESSARY APOSTERIORI
374
THE CONTINGENT APRIORI
399
NATURAL KIND TERMS AND THEORETICAL IDENTIFICATION STATEMENTS
425
SUGGESTED FURTHER READING FOR PART SEVEN
459
THE ERA OF SPECIALIZATION
463
INDEX
479
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Scott Soames is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Southern California. His other books include Reference and Description (Princeton), Beyond Rigidity, and Understanding Truth.

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