Evolutionism In Cultural Anthropology: A Critical History

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Avalon Publishing, Jan 24, 2003 - Social Science - 322 pages
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Cover -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Illustrations -- Preface -- 1 The Early History of Evolutionism -- Herbert Spencer and the Concept of Evolution -- The Evolutionary Views of Tylor and Morgan -- 2 The Reconstruction of Cultural Evolution -- The Comparative Method -- The Possibility of a Social Science -- The Uniformity of Nature -- The Principle of Continuity -- From Simplicity to Complexity -- The Objective Rating of Cultures -- Evolution Not an Inherent Tendency -- The Psychic Unity of Man -- Differential Evolution -- Contemporary Primitives and Ancestral Cultures -- Modern Primitives Not Primeval -- Primal Human Society -- Survivals -- 3 The Characteristics of Cultural Evolution -- Rectilinearity -- Unilinearity -- The Skipping of Stages -- The Law of Evolutionary Potential -- Rates of Evolution -- Diffusion and Evolution -- 4 The Determinants of Cultural Evolution -- Inherent versus External Determinants -- Psychic Unity as an Active Agent -- Racial Determinism -- Human Perfectibility -- Individuals as Determinants -- The Influence of Great Men -- Ideas as Prime Movers -- Historical Materialism -- Environmental Factors -- Subsistence as a Determinant -- Economic Determinants -- Social Determinants -- War as a Determinant -- Natural Selection -- Conclusion -- 5 Anti-Evolutionism in the Ascendancy -- The Boasian Backlash -- Diffusionism in British Anthropology -- The Functionalist Reaction -- Malinowski -- Radcliffe-Brown -- Anti-Evolutionism in Later British Social Anthropology -- Remaining Islands of Cultural Evolutionism: James G. Frazer -- Hobhouse, Wheeler, and Ginsberg -- Sumner and Keller -- George P. Murdock -- The Barren Landscape -- Theorizing Disavowed -- Historical Particularism -- 6 Early Stages in the Reemergence of Evolutionism -- Leslie A. White -- Diffusion versus Evolution -- The Derivation of Evolutionary Formulas

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Contents

The Determinants of Cultural Evolution
39
Human Perfectibility
48
Historical Materialism
58
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Robert L. Carneiro Curator of South American Ethnology, American Museum of Natural History, and adjunct professor of Anthropology at Columbia University. His field work has been among the Kuikuru of central Brazil, the Amahuaca of eastern Peru, and the Yanomamo of southern Venezuela.

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