Changing Party Systems in Western Europe

Front Cover
David Broughton, Mark Donovan
A&C Black, Jan 4, 1999 - Political Science - 315 pages
This is an analysis of the changing pressures and demands placed on party systems in 11 countries in Western Europe since 1945. This book includes studies of the party system in Britain, France, Italy and Germany, as well as studies of Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Sweden, Austria, Belgium and the Netherlands. Five major themes are examined in each chapter. First, the broad development of the party system is accompanied by a discussion of how different party system typologies have been applied to each country. Secondly, a detailed discussion of the historical background to party system developments is provided, dealing with the main divisions derived from the typology of Lipset and Rokkan. Thirdly, the most important contextual variables are considered in terms of the "electoral environment" within which the party system operates. Next, consideration is given to the degree of "unfreezing" of the party system since 1945 and the changing balance between stability and change. Finally, major questions of change and adaptation are examined, updating the text.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction and Guide to Key Sources and Texts
1
TwoParty Equilibrium or the Emergence of Moderate Pluralism?
8
A Party System Transformed?
30
Living with Instability
48
Rupture and Regeneration?
71
From Hyperstability to Change?
96
From Moderate to Polarized Pluralism?
118
A Mild Case of Electoral Instability Syndrome?
143
Party Systems on the Eve of Disintegration?
183
Political Parties in a Young Democracy
207
Party System Installation and Consolidation
232
Positively Political
255
Glossary of Key Terms
275
References
279
Index
308
Copyright

Resilience Amidst Change
163

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