Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework
While the lives of millions of people are overshadowed by poverty and destitution, a relatively small subset of the world's population enjoys an unprecedented level of wealth. No doubt the world's rich have duties to address the plight of the global poor. But should we think of these as duties of egalitarian justice much like those applying domestically, or as weaker duties of humanitarian assistance? In this book, Laura Valentini offers an in-depth critique of the two most prominent answers to this question, cosmopolitanism and statism, and develops a novel normative framework for addressing it. Central to this framework is the idea that, unlike duties of assistance - which bind us to help the needy - duties of justice place constraints on the ways we may legitimately coerce one another. Since coercion exists domestically as well as internationally, duties of justice apply to both realms. The forms of coercion characterizing these two realms, however, differ, and so the content of duties of justice varies across them. Valentini concludes that given the nature of existing international coercion, global justice requires more than statist assistance, yet less than full cosmopolitan equality.
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action agency another’s argue autonomy Beitz Cambridge Chapter citizens claim coercive constraints on freedom context cooperation cosmopolitan ideal cosmopolitanism and statism David Miller depends discussion distribution of freedom Distributive Justice domestic justice duties of humanity duties of justice economic egalitarian justice equal respect existing foreseeably and avoidably freedom as independence G. A. Cohen global basic structure Global Justice group agent her/his human rights ideal theory inequalities injustice institutions interactional coercion international justice interpretation John Rawls justified lead autonomous lives Michael Blake moral National non-relational cosmopolitans normative framework one’s options Oxford University Press particular people’s perspective Philip Pettit Philosophy and Public plausible Pogge political communities practices principles of justice problematic Public Affairs Rawls’s Rawlsian reason relational cosmopolitanism relevant Responsibility and Global right to freedom Saladin scenario social socio-economic justice sovereignty statist principles system of rules systemic coercion Tax Competition theory of justice Thomas Nagel value pluralism