Global Justice and Avant-Garde Political Agency
Why should states matter and how do relations between fellow-citizens affect what is owed to distant strangers? How, if at all, can demanding egalitarian principles inform political action in the real world? This book proposes a novel solution through the concept of avant-garde political agency. Ypi grounds egalitarian principles on claims arising from conflicts over the distribution of global positional goods, and illustrates the role of avant-garde agents in shaping these conflicts and promoting democratic political transformations in response to them. Against statists, she defends the global scope of equality, and derives remedial cosmopolitan principles from global responsibilities to relieve absolute deprivation. Against cosmopolitans, she shows that associative political relations play an essential role and that blanket condemnation of the state is unnecessary and ill-directed. Advocating an approach to global justice whereby domestic avant-garde agents intervene politically so as to constrain and motivate fellow-citizens to support cosmopolitan transformations, this book offers a fresh and nuanced example of political theory in an activist mode. Setting the contemporary debate on global justice in the context of recent methodological disputes on the relationship between ideal and nonideal theorizing, Ypi's dialectical account illustrates how principles and agency can genuinely interact.
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absolute deprivation activist political theory analysis argue argument articulate avant-garde political agents causal circumstances of injustice citizens civic education claims conception concerns and commitments conflicts cosmopolitan avant-garde critical critique cultural David Miller defend dialectical method distribution Distributive Justice domestic effective and motivationally egalitarian justice egalitarian principles emergence emphasize endorsed equality example function and purpose fundamentally appropriate global egalitarian global justice debate historical human ideal and nonideal Ideal Theory Immanuel Kant individuals inequalities innovation interactions interpretation issues John Rawls Kant Kant’s Leibniz moral motivation motivationally sustainable nonideal approaches normative account normative commitments normative principles normatively fundamental particular political perspective plausible political agency political community political institutions political obligations political transformation politically effective popular sovereignty positional principles and agency Rawls reflect relative deprivation relevant requires role Rousseau sense of justice shared similar social Social Contract specific sphere statism statist sufficientarian theorists theory of justice thought experiment tion