The State, Antisemitism, and Collaboration in the Holocaust: The Borderlands of Romania and the Soviet Union
Based on original sources, this important book on the Holocaust explores regional variations in civilians' attitudes and behavior toward the Jewish population in Romania and the occupied Soviet Union. Gentiles' willingness to assist Jews was greater in lands that had been under Soviet administration during the inter-war period, while gentiles' willingness to harm Jews occurred more in lands that had been under Romanian administration during the same period. While acknowledging the disasters of Communist rule in the 1920s and 1930s, this work shows the effectiveness of Soviet nationalities policy in the official suppression of antisemitism. This book offers a corrective to the widespread consensus that homogenizes gentile responses throughout Eastern Europe, instead demonstrating that what states did in the interwar period mattered; relations between social groups were not fixed and destined to repeat themselves, but rather fluid and susceptible to change over time.
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ANRM anti-Jewish antisemitism Archive attacks attitudes behavior Bessarabia Bessarabia and Transnistria Bessarabian Jews Bolshevik Bucharest camp Chișinau Christian civilians culture Cuzists DAOO Diana Dumitru documents Eastern Europe Einsatzgruppe ethnic Germans File gendarmes Gentiles ghetto History Holocaust hostility Ibid interethnic interviewed by Diana interwar period interwar Romania Ion Antonescu Iron Guard Jewish Jewish community Jewish population Jewish survivors Jewish-Gentile Jewry killed Kishinev locals mass Moldovan murder nationalists Nazi neighbors non-Jewish non-Jews official OGPU Pale of Settlement peasants perceived percent perpetrators pogroms Poland police political propaganda residents Romanian authorities Romanian soldiers Selbstschutz Shoah Foundation Shoah Foundation Institute social society Soviet power Soviet regime Soviet Union Stalin’s state’s Steinhart territories Testimony Tighina tion took town Transnistria tsarist Ukraine Ukrainian University Press USC Shoah Foundation USHMM USSR victims Video interview village violence against Jews Volksdeutsche Washington woman Yad Vashem Yids