Inclusive Humanism: Anthropological Basics for a Realistic Cosmopolitanism
The diversity of interconnected cultures on a bounded planet requires more shared orientations. The humanities and politics have to face fundamental questions. What does a humanism look like that does not move too rapidly to universalize the views and historical experiences of the European or American world? How can we conceive of globality as a new entity without playing unity and diversity off against one another? Does a world culture that is becoming ever closely related in fact need common values or only rules of human exchange? How can we succeed at civilizing an ever-present ethnocentrism? How do we keep the terms "culture" and "humanity" from being misused as weapons in identity wars? Any realistic cosmopolitanism must proceed from an understanding of humankind as one entity without requiring us to re-design cultures to fit on with some sort of global template. Answers can be gained by deploying shared characteristics of humans as well as pan-cultural commonalities. This book offers an anthropologically informed foundation for addressing pertinent questions of intercultural exchange.
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Amartya Sen anthropocentric anthropology Antweiler Appiah attributes basic Beck become behaviour biology biophilia biotic capabilities centrism cognitive common comparison complex concept concerning conflicts consider context contrast cosmopolitanism critical cross-cultural cultural anthropology cultural differences cultural diversity cultural relativism cultural sciences described emphasize empirical environment ethnic groups ethnocentrism Eurocentrism everywhere evolutionary evolutionary psychology example exist explanations fact Frankfurt am Main function fundamental genetic global historical Holenstein Hopi Hopi language human nature human rights humankind ideas identity inclusive humanism individuals interaction intercultural contact kinship knowledge language living Martha Nussbaum means modern moral networks norms Nussbaum occur one’s own group pan-cultural patterns perspective political possible primates primatology problems psychology question regard relationships relativism shared similar simply social spatial specific structures studies theories today’s traditional Ulrich Beck universal values variation Verlag versal Western Whorf widespread world society worldviews worldwide xenocentric